Thomas C. Schmidt, Matthias Wählisch,
A First Performance Analysis of the Tree Morphing Approach to IPv6 Source Mobility in Source Specific Multicast Routing,
In: Proceedings of the IEEE ICN 2006, (Pascal Lorenz, Petre Dini, Damien Magoni, Abdelhamid Mellouk Ed.), USA:IEEE Computer Society Press, April 2006.
Abstract: Source Specific Multicast (SSM) promises a wider dissemination of group distribution services than Any Source Multicast, as it relies on simpler routing strategies with reduced demands on the infrastructure. However, SSM is designed for 'a priori known and changeless addresses of multicast sources and thus withstands any easy extension to mobility. Up until now only few approaches arose from the Internet research community, leaving SSM source mobility as a major open problem. This paper introduces a straightforward extension to multicast routing for transforming (morphing) source specific delivery trees into optimal trees rooted at a relocated source. All packet forwarding is done free of tunneling. Multicast service disruption and signaling overhead for the algorithms remain close to minimal. Furtheron we evaluate the proposed scheme using both, analytical estimates and stochastic simulations based on a variety of real-world Internet topology data. Detailed comparisons are drawn to bi-directional tunneling, as well as to proposals on concurrent distribution trees.